Dyslexia Simulator: A Glimpse into Dyslexics’ Perspective

Dyslexia, a learning difficulty that primarily affects reading and spelling abilities, is estimated to impact one in 10 people worldwide. For those without it, understanding what it’s like can be challenging.

Read the following quote from Wikipedia ("Dyslexia," 2021, para. 1). This simulation represents what a learner with dyslexia might experience when reading.

Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in learning to read fluently and comprehend accurately, despite having normal intelligence. This includes challenges with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, processing speed, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, language skills/verbal comprehension, and/or rapid naming.

Developmental reading disorder (DRD) is the most common learning disability. While dyslexia is the most recognized reading disorder, not all reading difficulties are linked to dyslexia.

Some view dyslexia as distinct from reading difficulties caused by other factors, such as non-neurological issues with vision or hearing, or inadequate reading instruction. Researchers propose three cognitive subtypes of dyslexia (auditory, visual, and attentional). However, individual cases of dyslexia are better explained by specific underlying neuropsychological deficits and co-occurring learning disabilities (e.g., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, math disability, etc.). Though considered a receptive language-based learning disability in research literature, dyslexia also affects one’s expressive language skills. Researchers at MIT found that people with dyslexia exhibited impaired voice-recognition abilities.

Source: Wikipedia

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